By Confidente Reporter
NEARLY 65 percent of all deaths in Namibia are attributed to just 10 causes with the top three of these includingHIV/Aids, strokeandrespiratory infection accounting for over 39 percent of all deaths according to a World Health Organisation (WHO) report. Over the last five years, the main causes of death in the country remained fairly constant although diabetes became the fourth leading cause of death while accident related injuries became fifth. WHO last year ranked Namibia as the first country in the world in terms of the number of road deaths per 100 000 residents. The top 10 causes of death according to the report are HIV/Aids accounting for 25.4 percent, strokes 8.6 percent, lower respitory infections 5.8 percent, heart disease 4.9 percent, diabetes 4.3 percent, road injury 3.2 percent, hypertensive heart disease 3.2 percent, preterm birth complications 3.1 percent, interpersonal violence 3 percent and diarrheal disease accounting for 2.7 percent. The report revealed that HIV/ Aids was the leading cause of death that killed 3 600 people in 2012 alone. The pandemic as well as diabetes caused more deaths among women than men. The report further shows that other causes of death include tuberculosis, malaria, maternal, neonatal, nutritional, suicide, homicide and conflict related incidents. The report also made comparisons of death causes between women and men showing that before the age of 15, males have a 17 percent chance of dying from all causes compared to 13 percent of females. Males before the age of 70 are faced with 63 percent chance of dying from various causes while females are faced with 54 percent. Females between the ages of 15 and 49 face a five percent probability of dying from maternal causes while both sexes between the ages of 30 and 70 face 20 percent of dying from four major non-communicable diseases that include cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.
The report however revealed that life expectancy at birth for both sexes increased by nine years while the WHO region average increased by seven years.
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