· TB is now the world’s top infectious disease killer – claiming nearly 2 million lives each year.
· Today, 2 billion people – one fourth of the world’s population – are infected with TB.
· In 2015, there were an estimated 10.4 million new, active TB cases worldwide.
· In 2015, there were an estimated 480 000 cases of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) – a dangerous form of TB, resistant to at least two of the first-line anti-TB drugs, and requiring longer, costlier treatment.
· Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR TB) is now found in more than 100 countries. This form of TB is resistant to the most effective second-line TB drugs and has an 80 percent fatality rate.
Namibia is one of the top ten countries most affected by tuberculosis infection in the world. The WHO reported Namibia to have a case reporting rate of 489 per 100,000 population in 2015, with an estimated TB/HIV co-infection rate around 40 percent. Tuberculosis is a serious health threat, especially for people living with HIV. People living with HIV are more likely than others to become sick with TB. People infected with HIV, who also have either latent (dormant) TB infection or active TB disease, can be effectively treated.
Confidente. Lifting the Lid. Copyright © 2015