DECENTRALISATION is a factor of development that deals with dividing and distributing authority, power, and responsibility for policy implementation to subunits in any organisation.
In Namibia, decentralisation of academic institutions is poorly implemented; causing poor development in the process.
The topic of decentralisation has become rare when it comes to debates on local government and especially in developing countries like Namibia.
Namibia has two advanced government universities; the University of Namibia (UNAM) and Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST). What is surprising is that both these universities have their main branches in Windhoek and almost all fields of studies are offered at these branches. This scenario becomes difficult when it comes to the country’s development. Therefore decentralising academic institutions must be government’s priority.
Windhoek’s population increases every year and this cause high urbanization because children who completed high school in the regions come to the central part of the country to study.
It is not their choice to come to Windhoek. It is because Windhoek is the only place where they can find NUST for example. Certain courses like law, are only offered in Windhoek. Accommodation is also one of the difficult situations many students encounter. Parents, who find it difficult to pay university hostels or pay rent, are forced to find accommodation for their children from family members. Some family members live in informal settlements where students have to live in shacks with no electricity, causing more challenges to them. In order to solve all these problems, the government has to decentralise or to advise state institutions to decentralise.
Windhoek is now called the place of all services. Why can`t the government address decentralization, if it really aims to develop the entire country?
The government must decentralise these two universities so that all fields of studies can be offered at all regional branches.
People should not travel long distance from their hometowns in search of education. Why do we have people travelling from Ruacana to Windhoek just because there are no institutions offering courses of their choice?
This is not what we call development. Decentralisation addresses equal development in the country where no place is seen as better than the other. They must all have equal access to services and this will prevent rural migration.
In conclusion, decentralising academic institutions will promote equal development in the country, prevent rural migration, improve education, and prevent urbanization.
Confidente. Lifting the Lid. Copyright © 2015